Il est aujourd’hui admis que les années 1970 signent un « retour à la philosophie politique », consacrant la domination de la théorie libérale dans le champ de la pensée politique contemporaine, à la faveur, entre autres, de la publication de la Théorie de la justice de John Rawls. Cependant, cette page de l’histoire des idées ne doit pas oblitérer le développement simultané d’un autre champ d’étude: le « néo-républicanisme ».
Voir la page de présentation de Naël Desaldeleer
- Is Solidarity a Public Good? Social Regulation form Policy to Politics. Par Thomas Boccon-Gibod
The social consequences of the recent economic crisis have highlighted the need for further market regulation. To sort out the question of whether solidarity can be objectively
considered as a part of a rational theory of regulation, I address the question of the definition of solidarity in economic thought. First of all, I emphasize that the concepts of public good and rational regulation rely on a neoliberal conception of society in which political freedom is reduced to private individual liberty of action. Given the limits of this thesis, I criticize G. Majone’s theory of “the European Community as a regulatory state” by showing that it widely overlaps Hayek’s neoliberal conception of government, which undermines the attempts to formulate a general theory of regulation addressing social claims. Therefore, it appears that the correct response to the social crisis cannot be to sketch any technical pattern of “better regulation”, or to oppose “State” to “free market” as such, which would be a misleading interpretation of Polanyi’s theory of market re-institutionalization; but instead, to consider social problems from a non-economic, non-market-centered perspective. This leads me to consider political ideas as ideological commitments rather than objective doctrines, and to understand individual freedom as involving not only responsibility to oneself, but also and primarily to others.
Voir la page de présentation de Thomas Boccon-Gibod